How to link your papers together

December 15, 2014

This post is part of a continuing series on the new enrichment facility at Socionet.

If you logged into the Socionet system and browse your own papers, you will see to the right of the paper’s full text link the text: “Create a link to a related paper of yours?

Or if your paper’s metadata does not have a full text link, you will see this

If you click on this menu the following form for the linkage creation will open

In this form under the field “Comments” you will see a list of all your claimed publications (on the example above – my list of publications). You have to check one of your publications in this list that has a relationship to another of your papers currently opened in a browser. Then you have to select a specific type of the relation between these two papers from the drop-down list the “Relationship type“. Optionally you can also enter some comments. To end the linkage creation press the “Save” button.

Currently we provide two taxonomy classes for selecting a relationship type between papers belonged to the same author.

One of these taxonomy supports following types of linkages among versions and components of a research publication:

author’s version (manuscript) for
open access version for
version with slight changes for
version with minor changes for
substantially revised version for
revised or new version for
duplicated copy for
presentation of
part of
abstract for
table of contents for
foreword for
bibliography for

The four last values listed above (starting with the “abstract for”) intend for supporting the emerging practice of sharing with the community “units of thought”, e.g. research artifacts, micro-publications, nano-publications, etc.

The second taxonomy supports relationship types of development and complement between research outputs like these:

uses data from
uses method from
uses a model from
uses software from
uses statistics from
details idea/method/model from
generalizes idea/method/model from
implements idea/method/model from
analyzes results from
illustrates results from
interprets results from
corrects errors in
refines results from
refutes results from
develops results from

Linkages you create are visualized on web pages of both linked papers’ metadata as additional information and in a form of a navigation graph of linkages.


Annotating of papers’ abstract

December 8, 2014

This post is part of a continuing series on the new enrichment facility at Socionet.

After logging into the Socionet system you can annotate the abstract (if it is present) on any paper available at RePEc or Socionet. You can, however, not create a new abstract. The annotated paper’s abstract may look like this

The annotated fragment of the abstract highlighted by yellow background color are made by the author. If a non-author creates an annotation the annotated text will be on a pink background. The text of an annotation is a pop-up. It appears if you point your mouse on the annotated text fragment. All annotations on the paper are listed at the right with links to detailed views of the annotation data.

If you want to create a new annotation just select a text fragment within an abstract of a paper. You will see an icon to open a form to create an annotation. This form looks very much the same as shown and described in the previous note.

There is only one difference. If you are  the author of the paper whose abstract you are annotating you will have in the drop-down list “Relationship type” only the value “no relationship“. But if you are annotating the paper is not yours, in this list you will have a taxonomy called “Professional opinions and evaluation”.

We provide the following set of initial values for this taxonomy:

responds positively to
innovative result
very interesting result
turning point for the science development
best, most relevant on the subject
responds negatively to
unscientific approach
potentially dangerous effect
result based on confusion
suspected plagiarism

From technical point of view all created annotations exist in the Socionet system as semantic linkages (see the example), where the source object of the linkage is the personal profile of the linkage’s author, the target object is the paper which abstract is annotated and the semantic of the linkage is a value from the listed above taxonomy or the “no relationship” value.


How to specify your personal roles in cooperative research output

November 27, 2014

This post is part of a series on the new facility at Socionet that allows authors to enrich their profiles.

From the previous post you know how to log into the Socionet system to enhance the data about your papers.

This post provides detailed instructions on how to make a specific type of enrichment. For any of your papers with co-authors, you can add information about your role(s) in making this collective research output. The final result of such enrichment can look like this.

Between the paper’s title and authorship data, the Socionet system inserts three types of supplementary information: 1) person names of those with a profile, including a link to the profile itself; 2) the number of publications that this person also claimed, with a link to the list of these publications; 3) list of roles in preparing this paper that are claimed by the person, including pop-up comments to the role (if any), and links to the detailed view of the added data.

If you would like to do the same for your publications available at RePEc and Socionet you have to find your paper in the Socionet system. You log into the system (if not yet in), and you will see at the right: “You are one of … authors. Claim your role?”

Clicking on this text you open this form to specify your data

In the form field “Comments” you can provide some additional text explanation for the reader. This text will be pop-up on the users’ screen when they point their mouse on this link.

The drop-down list “Relationship type” contains taxonomy values applicable for the current use case. See below how taxonomy classifies author roles.

For RePEc Author Service users the drop-down list “Save in collection” contains a name of a single personal storage provided by the Socionet system for the user making linkages. Users who logged in the system by their login to the Socionet Personal Zone (not the same as RePEc Author Service short-ID) can create many collections with different names for storing their linkages. In that case the names of these collections will be available for selection in the “Save in collection” drop-down list.

The buttons “Save“, “Cancel” and the link “Help” work here as usual.

This form is used at the Socionet system in different places and these cases only differ by the list of values in the “Relationship type” drop-down list. For specifying author roles we provide the taxonomy published by the CRediT project that we slightly modified.

Using this taxonomy we made the controlled semantic vocabulary called the “Taxonomy of researchers contributions to collaborative research output“. The vocabulary is available in English and Russian languages. It is English version consists of the following author roles:

Manuscript preparation: writing the initial draft
Manuscript preparation: visualization/data presentation
Manuscript preparation: critical review, commentary or revision
Performing the experiments
Methodology development
Study conception
Investigation: data/evidence collection
Computation
Resources provision
Formal analysis
Data curation
Project administration
Supervision
Funding acquisition

This semantic vocabulary exists at Socionet as a collection of roles as listed above. This list can be easily updated and developed according users’ requests and testing results. Our approach also allows for users to create their own semantic vocabularies (i.e.. taxonomies) and to propose them to the community for using it together or instead of an already existing taxonomy.

The CRediT project has launched a survey  to collect opinions about this taxonomy. We are going to use their updates for improving the semantic vocabulary at Socionet.

From a technical point of view when a user specifies the author role she/he creates a linkage where the source object of the linkage is the user’s personal profile, the target object is the paper whose metadata is being enriched and the semantic of the linkage is a taxonomy value classifying the author role.

This approach allows tracing, aggregating and processing data about author roles in some statistical diagram, e.g. like this one from the linkage statistics page built by the Socionet system for every personal profile -

On the left side of the diagram there is the distribution of roles of some particular author. On the right side there is the distribution of roles specified by all co-authors of this author.


How to log into the Socionet system to test enrichment facilities

November 17, 2014

In a previous note I described use cases of publication enrichment and gave information how to find out your publications at Socionet experiment with this new service. The following note provides instructions on how to log into the system.

When you browse publications at Socionet you may see in its menu the following option: “Unknown user – please login”. This appears any time you are not logged in to your account.

befor log in

If you have an account at RePEc Author Service (or at Socionet Personal Zone) you can click on “please login”. Then you get to a login page. It has a form for RePEc users, as shown below. Here you enter your Short-ID provided for you by the RePEc Author Service.

auth page

After pressing the button “Log in through…” you will be moved on the RePEc Author Service identification form.

 

If you log in there, with your RAS login/password, you will be brought back on the initial page describing a publication. As a confirmation that you have logged in you will see in the publication menu the following information

or if the system recognized that the browsed publication is yours (i.e. it is linked to your personal profile) you will see this

When you are thus logged in as a RAS user at Socionet you can create an unlimited number of enrichments (linkages and annotations) for any publication available at RePEc and Socionet. All the data you create are saved by default into your personal storage on the Socionet server. You can check your current stored content by clicking on “Created linkages”  in the services menu as seen above. If there is at least one created linkage you will see a table like this.

Titles of linkages in this list are generated by software and consist of handles of the linked objects and the specified semantic. You can delete linkages by using check boxes on the right. Once a day (each night by Moscow time) the system synchronizes the current content of this storage with the public data base of Socionet. So if you create new linkages (or delete existed) they will (dis)appear on pages of enriched publications after night updating procedures. Usually it is finished about 8-9 am of Moscow time.

The Socionet administrators – currently it is just me – receive notifications about newly created personal storages. They make a decision about switching on its harvesting to the public Socionet database. In a case of non-proper user behavior the administrators can stop publishing our personal storage in the public site and they can delete your data from the public system.


New facilities for RePEc authors to enrich their publication metadata

November 7, 2014

In his recent post Thomas Krichel discussed some new Socionet facilities for authors which technically work as a creation of semantic linkages between different RePEc entities (papers, personal profiles, etc.).

As Thomas mentioned at the moment we, i.e. the Socionet team, are opening these new facilities to RePEc users for experimentation. The easiest way to get to take part is to have an  account at the RePEc Author Service (RAS). I have a conference paper with the technical details.

RAS registrants with linked publications can make experiments in seven main use cases. Let me take these in turn:

1. You can specify the roles of your co-authorship in the making of a collective paper. The idea for such a facility and initial taxonomy of author roles comes from a Nature commentary (http://www.nature.com/news/publishing-credit-where-credit-is-due-1.15033) as well as from the CRediT project. The Wellcome Trust, Digital Science, CASRAI, and NISO as members of this project that has also started a survey on the Standardized Taxonomy for Contributor Roles.

2. You can make some updates to the way your paper is described. It can be done in two ways: 1) by annotating text fragments of a paper’s abstract to provide readers with additional and/or newer information on the topic; and 2) by linking a paper to its newest versions, and/or to related papers that appeared later.

3. You can link your paper to show to readers an evolution of ideas or a development of approaches through a set of your papers.

4. You can contribute data on how the works referenced in your paper are used.

5. You can make recommendations to and/or share useful information with registered authors whose papers you are looking at. In this case your proposal will look as a linkage with some taxonomy between some of your papers and the one you are currently reading.

6. You can establish relationships of scientific development or complementarity between your paper and the one you are currently reading.

7. You can issue your professional opinion about another paper by using a specific taxonomy.

You can look at one of my papers where I made some enrichment. You will see the implementation of above points 1, 2, 3, and 4.

I plan to publish at the blog notes with instructions how to test each use case listed above.  It will provide discussions about taxonomies that we used, user interfaces that we built and so on.

We would like to have feedback from the community on this new technology and on created new opportunities for scientists. I see a lot of benefits for the research community related with further development of this approach.

If you have your account at RePEc Author Service, you can open your publications at Socionet, log in, and make experiments with its enrichment right now.

There are three simple ways to find a paper of yours at Socionet:

1. By a Google search with a string like this “site:socionet.ru krichel redif”, where keywords “krichel” and “redif” specify you as an author and something from a title or an abstract of your paper;

2. If you know your RAS short-ID (use RePEc Short-ID lookup tool) you can open your personal profile at Socionet and use hyperlinks to your publications there. To open your profile at Socionet replace in this URL the word “short-ID” on your real RAS short-ID –  http://socionet.ru/pub.xml?l=en&h=repec:per:pers:short-ID.  For example, Thomas Krichel has RAS shotr-ID = pkr1. So the URL to his personal profile at Socionet is http://socionet.ru/pub.xml?l=en&h=repec:per:pers:pkr1

3. If you can find a handle (RePEc ID) of your paper in IDEAS or EconPapers, you can just insert it instead of word “handle” into this URL – http://socionet.ru/pub.xml?l=en&h=handle, e.g. for a handle “repec:rpc:rdfdoc:redif” the URL should be like this – http://socionet.ru/pub.xml?l=en&h=repec:rpc:rdfdoc:redif

See also detailed instruction on how to log into the system with your RAS short-ID.

Note: at Socionet pages of papers, personal profiles, etc. at the right top corner there is a link to switch on the another language version. The link will be “[eng]” or “[рус]” depends on which language version is now opened.

Enjoy!


How to follow what is new in economics research

February 20, 2014

RePEc offers various tools to keep abreast of latest research developments in economics. Keep in mind that due to the unusually long refereeing and publication process in this field, following what is coming out in journals is often not the best way to keep current. The research frontier is advancing with working papers, and this is why RePEc puts a special focus on those. Note that all resources below are free, as always for RePEc services.

NEP

NEP (New Economics Papers) offers email lists and RSS feeds that disseminate approximately every week the latest online working papers across over 90 fields. Field-relevance is determined by volunteer editors who pick the appropriate papers among all working papers newly listed on RePEc during the previous week. Note that if you think a topic is not appropriately covered, you can volunteer as editor of a new report.

MyIDEAS

MyIDEAS allows you to follow new additions to JEL codes, author profiles, series and journals. This is done through the creation of an account on the IDEAS website. Once logged in, you can add the relevant items while navigating the site.

EconPapers Search

EconPapers allows to limit the search results to documents added recently to RePEc. Use the “Modified last” selection at the bottom left of the search form. One can also limit the list of items by JEL code and recency here.

IDEAS Search

Similarly, IDEAS allows to restrict search results to specific years. When looking up by JEL code, items are sorted with the most recent first.

EconAcademics

EconAcademics follows the latest discussion of research on the blogosphere. While it does not necessarily mean this is the most recent research, it is often the case.


How to get to the RePEc metadata

November 19, 2013

RePEc collects a lot of metadata about publications in economics and finance, their authors, citations and more. All this data is provided by volunteers with the understanding that it is freely available for non-commercial uses while there is no explicit licence for the data.

By the very nature of RePEc, the data is highly decentralized and may be somewhat difficult to get to, at least for a novice. To this end, we have now a  document that should help the potential user getting to it. It is not straightforward, and the data needs substantial massaging for the user to make good use of it. We hope this will be useful, though.


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